About Attachment Relational Theory (ART)

 Attachment Relational Theory (ART)©: ART© is a science-informed and evidenced-based integrated therapeutic theory drawing upon the research and clinical applications of contemporary Attachment Theory, Neuroscience, Epigenetics, Polyvagal Theory, Interpersonal Neurobiology, Positive Psychology/Education, Traumatology, Mindfulness-Based Therapies & Practices, Somatic-Based Therapies & Practices and Movement/Creative/ Theatrical-Based Therapies & Practices. These diverse and interconnected fields and disciplines have been developed by the following international experts; Drs Dan Siegel, Martin Seligman, Bessel van der Kolk, Stephen Porges, Jon Kabat-Zinn, Richard Davidson, Barbara Fredrickson, Charles Figley, Pat Ogden, Peter Levine, Sandra Bloom, Anna Baranowsky, Patricia Crittenden, Eric Gentry and Alan Schore.

ART© explores the notion that a primary role of the therapist/teacher/carer/helper/support worker, particularly when working with clients/consumers/students with complex trauma histories, is that of a transitional secure attachment figure.

ART© provides the theoretical underpinning to our Attachment Relational Therapeutic Model© of Trauma-Informed Care & Practice. ART© also provides the theoretical underpinning to our Attachment Relational Therapy©. ART© has been developed by the founders of the Workplace Wellbeing Institute, Robyn Simpson M. Gestalt Therapy & Gary Simpson BCouns through their extensive work as clinical trainers, consultants and therapists and their continuing professional training with many of the above international experts (please read our About Us page for more details).

Attachment Relational Therapeutic Model© of Trauma-Informed Care & Practice (TICP): The ART© Model of TICP is underpinned by Attachment Relational Theory and is an integrative, person-centred, person-informed & person-directed, strength-based, relational and trauma-informed therapeutic model of care and practice.  The ART© Model of TICP centres on the creation and maintenance of safety and security with individuals, families and communities that have experienced, and or, exposed to trauma and violence. ART’s primary message is The Relationship is the Intervention (For additional information on The ART© Model of TICaP please read our Trauma-Informed Care page).

Attachment Relational Therapy (ART)©: ART© is underpinned by Attachment Relational Theory and is an integrative, person-centred, person-informed & person-directed, strength-based, relational and humanistic-orientated mode of therapy, psychotherapy, counselling and intervention. A basic premise of ART© is that the person/client is the expert in their lives. Therefore, a fundamental role of the therapist/helper/carer is to honour, acknowledge and respect this expertise of the person/client at all times during intake/treatment/intervention/support.

Another fundamental premise of ART© is the role of the Therapeutic Relationship, the collaborative, non-judgemental and empathetic relationship between therapist/carer/helper and client/consumer, as the primary vehicle of effective and long-lasting therapeutic behaviour change and not necessarily the method or technique of therapy employed. Research over the past 30-40 years has clearly established that there are 4, what is termed, "Common Factors" accounting for successful therapeutic outcomes across all therapeutic modalities (Drisko, 2004; Norcross & Lambert, 2011). Of these 4 Common Factors two are directly reliant on the therapist. The therapeutic modalities employed during treatment and the Therapeutic Relationship (Ahn & Wampold, 2001; Duncan, 2001a, 2001b). Out of these 2 Common Factors it is the Therapeutic Relationship, which is very dependent on the therapist's characteristics of warmth, flexibility, acceptance & authenticity, which has the greatest bearing on whether the treatment/intervention will achieve long-term successful therapeutic outcomes (Lambert & Barley, 2001; Norcross & Wampold, 2011).

Based on the Common Factors research, and its clinical applications, and the integral role that the Therapeutic Relationship plays in achieving long-lasting therapeutic/behaviour change one of ART's© primary messages is; The Relationship is the Intervention. Drawing on this relational intervention concept the therapist/helper/carer begins to become what is termed a transitional secure attachment figure (Crittenden, Clausen & Kozlowska, 2007; Crittenden, Farnfield, Landini & Grey, 2013).